bestschoolessays Essay Writing

Question: Evaluate the effectiveness of jury decision making and suggest improvements which might aid their decision making.Word Limit: 2000 words including in-text referencing, excluding footnotes and bibliography. Referencing: Your coursework answer should be properly referenced using the Harvard Referencing System ONLY. 4 How to submit: Written Coursework: Ensure that you consult your individual module guides for details on individual assessments. Presentation The assignment itself should be in Arial font size 11 and in double line spacing to allow for the markers’ comments. Your name must not appear on your assignment. All assessed coursework is marked anonymously using your student registration number on your ID card. Your student registration number and module name should appear on every page of your essay and each page should be numbered. This is best achieved by use of the header and footer tool. You are also required to put your student registration number and module title in the file name of your assignment when submitting on StudyNet (e.g. Crime and Deviance 14043489.doc). Word Length1 Your word count must appear at the end of your work. Do not exceed the word limit in relation to your answer by more than 10%. If you do, then your mark will be capped at 40%. The word count for coursework will include in-text referencing but will NOT include footnotes or the bibliography. However, footnotes must not include material that should be in the body of the answer or be used as a means to circumvent the word count. Late Submission of Coursework Submission deadlines are not flexible. Students should submit their work well in advance of the deadline (ideally several hours) to be sure of a reliable internet connection and sufficient upload time. Work submitted at any point (including seconds) after the deadline is recorded as a late submission and will be capped. All students must note that failure to submit coursework by the dates and time specified has SERIOUS CONSEQUENCES. The penalties for late submission of coursework are: a. Coursework (including deferred coursework, but with the exception of referred coursework) relating to modules at Levels 0, 4, 5 and 6, submitted up to one (1) week after the published deadline will receive a maximum numeric grade of 40. b. Coursework (including deferred coursework, but with the exception of referred coursework) relating to modules at Level 7 submitted up to one (1) week after the published deadline will receive a maximum numeric grade of 50. c. Referred coursework submitted after the published deadline will be awarded a grade of zero (0). (Unless there is an agreed extension to the deadline or there are Serious Adverse Circumstances) 1 Students should note that in Microsoft Word, if the reference mark (footnote number) is inside the punctuation mark, then the punctuation gets counted as a new work. If the reference mark is outside the punctuation mark, then it will not be counted. E.g. He said 1. = 3 words; He said 1, = 3 words; He said. 1 = 2 words; He said, 1 = 2 words. 5 d. Coursework (including deferred coursework) submitted later than one (1) week after the published deadline will be awarded a grade of zero (0). (Unless there is an agreed extension to the deadline or there are Serious Adverse Circumstances) Referencing All quotations from, or use of other writers’ work must be properly referenced- that is, you must give the author, title, and date of publication of the work concerned, and the page or section number of the passage quoted or cited. Reference style should remain consistent throughout each submitted essay. Your coursework answer should be properly referenced using the Harvard Referencing System. You should include a full bibliography at the end of your work. Turnitin All modules within the School will offer students the opportunity to use Turnitin formatively. Formative submission will be limited to one attempt per assignment in line with the University policy which seeks to support the development of students’ academic writing skills and to promote good academic practice. Students will be able to make use of of Turnitin for the larger assessments worth 50% or more. These are mainly positioned within Semester B. All final year dissertations/individual projects should be run through Turnitin. These are all submitted in Semester B/C. Students will use Turnitin from the options below according to the level of study and specific module requirements: • Summative essays worth at least 50% of the module mark; • Specific pieces of coursework which require submission of a Turnitin report as designated by the Programme Leader; • Turnitin may be used on individual pieces of work in which plagiarism is suspected, taking account of the level of study, the level of writing maturity expected of the student and the nature of the assignment task. Extensions Extensions are only available in exceptional circumstances and requests MUST BE MADE AT LEAST 3 WORKING DAYS IN ADVANCE OF THE HAND-IN DATE and sent using the official form at the back of this handbook to the following email address: level5lawextensions@herts.ac.uk You will receive a decision within 48 HOURS. All requests must use the level5lawextensions@herts.ac.uk email address as extension requests sent to individual members of staff will not be considered. Please do not send multiple requests for the same extension. Only authorised extensions will not receive a late penalty. Where illness is put forward as being the extenuating circumstance this must be supported by independent evidence from a doctor or other appropriate professional. Financial difficulties will not be regarded as adverse circumstances to justify extension of a deadline, neither will computer crashes or disk errors. Coursework received after the granted extension date will have the appropriate penalties applied to them. 6 Serious Adverse Circumstances Serious Adverse Circumstances are significant circumstances beyond a student’s control that would have affected your ability to perform to your full potential if you were to sit or submit an assessment at the appointed time. As a general rule, if a student has a valid claim for serious adverse circumstances then they should not sit the affected examination(s) or submit the affected coursework(s). If the Board of Examiners accepts your claim, you will be offered a deferred assessment. Students will no longer be able to sit/submit any type of assessment and then later claim that their work/performance has been affected by Serious Adverse Circumstances. If you sit/submit an assessment, by doing so you are stating that you are fit and well to do so. Therefore, you will not be able to claim later that Serious Adverse Circumstances have affected your work/performance. Students who believe they have Serious Adverse Circumstances which could affect their performance, are responsible for notifying the Chairperson of the Board in writing of their circumstances. This should be done at the earliest time possible, before the Board of Examiner’s meeting. (For more information see: http://sitem.herts.ac.uk/secreg/upr/AS14.htm – the Serious Adverse Circumstances Form is located on the programme pages on StudyNet). What happens when I submit an assessment? ü All work is marked anonymously. ü All work is marked against grading criteria, which is detailed in this document. ü Each element of assessment has a marking scheme attached to it to ensure that teams which have more than one marker are marking against objectively determined principles. ü Once marked, a sample of the assignments will be moderated by at least one other tutor to ensure that there is consistency in both the mark and the feedback given. ü You will receive interim feedback 3 weeks after the submission deadline. ü In some cases (such as a dissertation), work is double-blind marked meaning that assignments are marked independently by two markers and a final mark is agreed. ü Your marked assignment and mark will be returned within four calendar weeks. If there is a delay to this (for example due to marker illness), you will
be notified in advance by the Associate Dean (Academic Quality Assurance). ü All marks are provisional and await confirmation by the relevant Board of Examiners. If you have any queries about your marked work following its return, please arrange an appointment to speak with the marker in the first instance. 7 Students’ coursework will be returned to them together with feedback through StudyNet in a timely manner, no later than four (4) calendar weeks after the submission deadline. Any exceptions to this must be agreed by the Associate Dean of School (Academic Quality Assurance) and notified to students in advance of the expiration of the four (4) week period. For work of an on-going nature, such as a major project or dissertation, supervising staff will ensure that students are provided with feedback at interim stages. 8 1. Academic Offences Specific detail relating to academic offences is located in UPR AS13 & AS14. Assessment (by examination or coursework) can be stressful, but is part of everyday life for students and most people manage it well. There are a small number who seek to gain an unfair advantage over their fellow students by acts of academic misconduct. Academic misconduct comes in various forms but the most common are plagiarism (i.e. presenting another person’s work as your own), falsification of data, collusion and cheating. The University takes a very dim view of such activity and the penalties can be severe. The best advice is not to do it in the first place. If you are finding a module difficult then speak to one of the teaching staff. a. Cheating To attempt to gain an unfair, improper or dishonest advantage in the assessment process; to gain an unfair, improper or dishonest advantage in the assessment process; where on the balance of probability it could reasonably be construed that a candidate intended to gain an unfair, improper or dishonest advantage in the assessment process. Cheating includes: a) Impersonation – either where a student allows any other person to take an assessment on their behalf or to present themselves as being that student or where a current University of Hertfordshire student takes an assessment on behalf of another University of Hertfordshire student; b) Obtaining or attempting to obtain unauthorised access to examination papers; c) The copying of, or attempting to copy, the work of another candidate in the examination or other in class assessment, whether by overlooking what he or she has written or is writing or by asking him or her for information in whatever form; d) The introduction into an examination room (or any other room in which a formal assessment is taking place) of aids including books, notes, personal notes or revision notes in any form, papers, stationery, computer disks or other devices of any kind other than those permitted in the rubric of the examination paper. This includes, for example, unauthorised information stored in the memory of a pocket calculator, in a mobile telephone, personal organiser or any other device; e) Requesting a temporary absence from an examination room (or any other room in which a formal assessment is taking place) with the intention of gaining, or attempting to gain, access to information that may be relevant to a formal assessment; f) False statements made in order to receive special considerations by the Board of Examiners or to obtain extensions to deadlines or exemption from work; g) Assisting or attempting to assist another University of Hertfordshire student to gain or attempt to gain an unfair, improper, or dishonest advantage in the assessment process; h) The purchase or theft of material submitted for assessment; i) Academic misconduct offences as defined by section 2.1.4, a – f, where on a balance of probability, it could reasonably be construed that a candidate attempted or intended to gain an unfair, improper or dishonest advantage in the assessment process. b. Plagiarism: The misappropriation or use of others’ ideas, intellectual property or work (written or otherwise), without acknowledgement or permission. This may include, but is not limited to: a) The importing of phrases from or all or part of another person’s work without using quotation marks and identifying the source; b) Without acknowledgement of the source, making extensive use of another person’s work, either by summarising or paraphrasing the work merely by changing a few words or by altering the order in which the material is presented; c) The use of the ideas of another person without acknowledgement of the source or the presentation of work which substantially comprises the ideas of another person and which represents these as being the ideas of the candidate. (For the avoidance of doubt, plagiarism may be intentional or unintentional) c. Collusion: Evidence of the representation by an individual of work which he or she has undertaken jointly with another person as having been undertaken independently of that person. 9 10 1. Grading Criteria The following tables are provided by the University to assist in the interpretation of numeric grades given for assessments: Levels 0, 4, 5, 6 (Undergraduate Level) Level 7 (Masters Level) Numeric Grade awarded Interpretation of Grade Numeric Grade awarded Interpretation of Grade Grade Descriptor Equivalent Classification Descriptor Grade Descriptor Equivalent Classification Descriptor 80-100 Outstanding 1st Class Honours/ Distinction 80-100 Outstanding 1st Class Honours/ Distinction 70-79 Excellent 70-79 Excellent 60-69 Very good Upper 2nd Class Honours/ Commendation 60-69 Very good Upper 2nd Class Honours/ Commendation 50-59 Good Lower 2nd Class Honours/Pass 50-59 Good/ satisfactory Lower 2nd Class Honours/Pass 50 Referred Pass 40-49 Satisfactory 3rd Class Honours/Pass 40-49 Marginal fail Not applicable 40 Referred Pass 30-39 30-39 Marginal fail Clear fail Not applicable 20-29 Clear fail 20-29 0-19 Little or nothing of merit 0-19 Little or nothing of merit CJC Programme Handbook More guidance on the School Assessment policies is available in the CJC Programme Handbook which is available on StudyNet. 11 Presentation & structure Includes: Content / Knowledge Includes: Breadth / Depth & Integration of Sources Includes: Analysis & Application includes: Presentation of References Includes: Structure work to present a coherent point of view from both sides of the argument if required Use the introduction to set out these ideas Begin to use more academic and legal language Identify the legal or other relevant issues raised by the question State the law or other sources accurately and in appropriate detail Provide a reasoned and supported conclusion Demonstrate use of texts and leading case law or other sources Consider both sides of an argument with supporting material from law or other sources Integrate this supporting material concisely into your argument Analysis: Use your material to demonstrate your understanding of the issues Attempt to include a balance of contrasting arguments to support your analysis from your sources Application: Make good use of supporting sources to develop your application Use a range of footnotes to cite your references This can be used to evidence your wider reading and research Include all references in your bibliography Use the referencing system – information available on Studynet under Learning Resources Key tips: Continue to make good use of paragraphs to logically order your discussion Check your grammar for clarity of expression Use the spell checker and double check unusual words such as case names Ensure your spell checker is set to English UK Make more substantial use of footnotes than at level 4 Key tips: Aim for a balance of appropriate detail highlighting the key issues from your sources depending on the significance of the issue to the answer Avoid description, balance your argument with analysis and application Avoid including irrelevant material to the question set Key tips: For a higher mark you will need to show evidence of reading beyond the basic texts and leading cases. Look for relevant journal articles or case notes to enhance your answer Key ti
ps: Review the instruction in the Q – words such as ‘Analyse’, ‘Argue’, ‘Examine’ elate to Analysis whilst words such as ‘Apply’ ‘Demonstrate’, ‘Illustrate’ relate to Application Keep the instructions in mind whilst preparing your answer In a problem question scenario you should analyse the issues from both sides of the competing arguments and then in your application identify the position of the party you are asked to advise providing any difficulties to their position in your conclusion Key tip: Avoid plagiarism Ensure you use quotation marks where relevant and reference the quotation If this is an individual piece of assessed work, ensure you avoid collusion when preparing and writing your answer Detailed criteria on mark ranges below: 12 Written Work Assessment and Grading Criteria: Level 5 Numeric Grade Grade Descriptor Written Work Level 5 Grading Criteria Presentation & structure Content / Knowledge Breadth / Depth & Integration of Sources Analysis & Application Presentation of References 80-100 Outstanding work Outstanding presentation & clarity. No significant grammatical / spelling errors. Outstanding exploration of topic showing excellent knowledge & understanding. Outstanding breadth & depth of sources used. Outstanding integration of sources into work. Outstanding level of analysis & application. Highly developed / focused work. Outstanding standard of referencing within text with accuracy to those on list. Accurate list & use of recommended referencing system. 70-79 Excellent work Excellent structure. Fluent writing style with very few errors. Excellent level of knowledge & demonstrated. Covers all relevant points & issues. Excellent breadth & depth. Excellent integration of sources into work. Excellent level of analysis & application of issues. Excellent standard of referencing within text with accuracy to those on list. Accurate list & use of recommended referencing system. 60-69 Very good work Very good clear structure. Articulate & fluent writing style. Very few grammatical errors & spelling mistakes. Very good level of knowledge & understanding demonstrated. Some minor issues not fully explored or applied Very good breadth & depth appropriate to topic. Sources integrated very well. Very good level of, analysis & application but not consistently taken to full extent. Very good standard of referencing within text with general accuracy to those on list. Use of recommended referencing system. 50-59 Good work Good clear presentation & structure with paragraphing. Writing is mainly clear but some spelling &/ or grammatical errors. Good level of knowledge & understanding demonstrated. Most major issues explored with some minor aspects not considered Good breadth & depth appropriate to topic. Sources integrated well. Good level of analysis & application but some issues could be addressed or developed further. Some minor omissions. Good standard of referencing within text with most accurate to those on list. Use of recommended referencing system. 40-49 Satisfactory work Satisfactory but basic structure. Not always written clearly & has grammatical & / or spelling errors. Satisfactory level of knowledge & understanding but with limited integration into topic set. Some major issues not fully explored and minor issues omitted. Satisfactory breadth & depth appropriate to topic. Sources integrated in some places. Satisfactory level of analysis & application but some matters superficially addressed or omitted Basic referencing within text & consistent use of referencing system. Some inaccuracies in recording. 30-39 Marginal Fail Weak format, limited or poor structure. Muddled work with many spelling & / or grammatical errors. Unsatisfactory evidence of knowledge & understanding with limited exploration or omission of the major issues Limited or muddled understanding of the topic with limited reference to relevant sources with some irrelevant to topic. Limited evidence of analysis & application. More development & comment needed. Answer generally limited to accurate description. Use of referencing system with errors & inconsistently applied. Limited referencing within the text. Limited accuracy of in-text references compared to those in the final Reference list. 20 – 29 Clear Fail Inadequate format & poor paragraphing / signposting. Inappropriate writing style Poorly written &/or poor spelling & grammar. Inadequate evidence of knowledge & understanding with very limited exploration or omission of the major issues. Very limited understanding of topic with very limited reference to relevant sources and possible reference to irrelevant sources Inadequate. Very limited evidence of analysis & application. Answer generally limited to description, some of which is inaccurate. Inadequate Inaccurate use of referencing system or absence of use of system 1 – 19 Little or Nothing of merit Nothing of merit. Poorly written work, lacking structure, paragraphing / signposting. Many inaccuracies in spelling & grammar. Nothing of merit. No evidence of appropriate knowledge & understanding. Nothing of merit No breadth or depth to answer nor reference to relevant sources. Nothing of merit. No evidence of analysis & application. Nothing of merit Referencing system was not or very poorly used.13 Harvard Referencing Style Citing within the text of your work The citation within the text of your work is a brief acknowledgement (Surname, Year). If you are using a direct quotation or paraphrasing a specific idea you need to also include the page number, e.g. (Surname, Year, p.12). This is so your reader can locate the specific information you are referring to. Example paraphrase: Manning (2007, p.3) has suggested that the media has become more willing to openly show examples of drug culture. Others have referred to the development of a new ‘culture of intoxication’ (Measham and Brain, 2005). Example quotation: “Here, then, is popular television drama offering us a picture of normalised poly-drug use as routine, everyday life.” (Manning, 2007, p.3). Book Author surname, initials. (Year) Title. Edition if it is not the first edition. Place of publication: Publisher. Newburn, T. (2017) Criminology. 3rd ed. London: Routledge. Journal article Author surname, initials. (Year) Title of article. Journal Name. Volume number (issue or part number), pp.first and last page numbers. Machin, D. and Mayr, A. (2012) Corporate crime and the discursive deletion of responsibility: A case study of the Paddington rail crash. Crime, Media, Culture. 9(1), pp.63-82. Cases The name of the case is italicised and the year is placed in brackets. Name of the case [Year] or (Year) Reference details (including vol number, Abbreviated Reference Series, Starting page number)For specific page reference: use the word ‘at’ instead of p. Name of the case (Year) Reference details at Page number Corr v. IBC Vehicles Ltd [2008] UKHL 13, [2008] 1 AC 884 Greutner v. Everard (1960) 103 CLR 177 at 181 Legislation Title of Act Year Human Rights Act 1988 Newspaper Journalist surname, initials. (Year) Title of news item. Name of newspaper. Day, Month, pp.first and last page numbers. Rawlinson, K. (2017) Hate crimes against Metropolitan police up 56% in two years. The Guardian. 22 September, p.15. Website Author (Year) Title. Source [online]. Available from: URL [Accessed date]. Shannon Russell (2017) Intersectional Conversations. Centre for Criminology [online]. Available from: https://www.law.ox.ac.uk/centres-institutes/centre-criminology/blog [Accessed 13/10/17]. 14 Hertfordshire Law School Extension Request Form This form should be used where you have grounds for requesting an extension to an assessment deadline. Requests for extensions must be made at least 3 working days before the deadline to level5lawextensions@herts.ac.uk and will be considered by the Cohort Tutors. You will receive a decision within 48 hours. Reasons for the request must be set out below and accompanied by supporting medica
l or other evidence. Name of student: FOR SCHOOL OF LAW USE ONLY Student Number: Programme of Study: Year of Study: Reason for Extension Request: (To be completed by student): Please list assessments you require an extension for: (To be completed by Cohort Tutor: ) Module & Module Code Assessment element Original submission date Requested extension Please indicate that sufficient evidence has been provided to grant extension: New Deadline: e.g. Contract Law 4LAW1014 Coursework xx/xx/20xx 7 Days

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