devry socs185 week 6TCO 8) Back in 1900, it was common in the United States to consider people of these ancestries as “nonwhite.”English, Scottish, or WelshIrish, Italian, or JewishFrench, German, or SwissDutch, French, or SwedeAustrian, Norse, or PrussianQuestion 2. Question : (TCO 8) Ethnicity refers to ______.a group that is set apart from others because of physical differencessocially constructed categories based on cultural traits a society defines as importanta group whose members have significantly less control over their own lives than the members of a dominant groupa collective that has reached very moral decisions about a way of lifeall people from the same countryQuestion 3. Question : (TCO 6) The unequal treatment of various categories of people is known asstereotyping.ethnocentrism.discrimination.segregation.active prejudice.Question 4. Question : (TCO 5) The claim that defining members of some minority as inferior will make them inferior is one application ofsocial distance research.the iron law of oligarchy.the Thomas theorem.authoritarian personality theory.exploitation theory.Question 5. Question : (TCO 8) The barrier that is invisible, but which prevents women from rising beyond middle-management positions, is referred to asthe “glass ceiling.”the “closed top.”transparent discrimination.the “ceiling of upper management.”the “impermeable barrier.”Question 6. Question : (TCO 8) _____ refers to social organization in which males dominate females.PatriarchyMatriarchyMonarchyOligarchyFratriarchyQuestion 7. Question : (TCO 8) Talcott Parsons explained that males tend to exhibit _____ behavior, while females are more _____.instrumental; expressiveexpressive; instrumentalegalitarian; hierarchicalrational; emotionalemotional; rationalQuestion 8. Question : (TCO 8) Which type of feminism seeks to end patriarchy by eliminating the idea of gender itself?Liberal feminismSocialist feminismRadical feminismModerate feminismLibertarian feminismQuestion 9. Question : (TCO 7) Comparing school performance, researchers have found that the most important cause of the achievement gap between rich and poor children isdifferences in schools.differences in home environments.differences in personal ability.differences in personal health.differences in family composition.Question 10. Question : (TCO 3) _____ and _____ theories explain that families perpetuate social inequality in U.S. society through inheritance of private property, encouraging patriarchy, and passing on racial and ethnic inequality.Feminist; functionalistSocial-exchange; feministSocial-exchange; interactionistGlobal; internationalistFeminist; social conflict(TCO 3) When Mort Tality assisted in the death of his wife Fay, who was suffering from an incurable disease, he engaged inEuthanasia.Youthinasia.Homicide.Misdemeanour.Kevorkianism.Question 2. Question : (TCO 7) The term empty nest refers tofamilies whose children have grown and left home.women who choose to remain single.women who marry, but choose to remain childless.egalitarian family structures.couples who are unable to have a child.Question 3. Question : (TCO 7) A religious organization that stands apart from the larger society is a _____, while a _____ is a religious organization that is largely outside a society’s cultural traditions.church; sectsect; cultcult; churchdenomination; cultcult; sectQuestion 4. Question : (TCO 7) According to Max Weber’s analysis of Protestantism and the rise of capitalism, which of the following statements is TRUE?Protestantism held back the development of capitalism for years.Protestantism, with its conflict with the Roman Catholic Church, fostered social unrest, and averted a socialist revolution.Protestantism even with its argument with the dominant Roman Catholic Church, still supported the economic status quo.Protestantism stressed duty and hard work, boosting economic production and fostering the rise of capitalism.Protestantism, with its conflict with the Roman Catholic Church, fostered social unrest, and a socialist revolution.Question 5. Question : (TCO 3) Charter schools areprivate schools that typically enroll high-income students.public schools that have the freedom to try new programs and policies.private schools that have a religious curriculum.public schools that are run by private companies.public schools established through a land grant charter.Question 6. Question : (TCO 3) Following the social-conflict approach, patterns of health and illness are seen largely as a product oftechnology.how people define the situation they experience.how culture defines health and illness.a mobile societysocial inequality.Question 7. Question : (TCO 5) Which term do we use to refer to a political and economic system that combines a mostly market-based economy with extensive social welfare programs??ModernizationSocialismWelfare capitalismCapitalismCommunismQuestion 8. Question : (TCO 5) In a capitalist economic system, justice amounts todoing what is best for society’s poorest members.everyone being more or less economically equal.freedom of the marketplace allowing people to follow their self-interest.no one going hungry.little more than lip service.Question 9. Question : (TCO 5) The Marxist political-economy model suggests thatpower is no longer concentrated in the hands of a few.an anti-democratic bias exists in the capitalist system.power is widely dispersed throughout society.many people do not vote because they are satisfied with the political system..that the only justice in the halls of justice is in the halls.Question 10. Question : (TCO 5) Which of Weber’s types of authority is also know as bureaucratic authority?Egalitarian authorityCharismatic authorityTraditional authorityRational-legal authorityRepresentative authority
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